Known as both the Green City in the Sun and the Safari Capital of the World, Nairobi is not only the largest city in East Africa, but is also the highest (at 1,700m), the most modern, and the fastest growing.
The city normally enjoys hot sunny days and cool evenings.
Nairobi derives its name from the Maasai word ‘Enkare Nyarobi’ meaning “place of Cool Waters’. The Kenya – Uganda railway surveyors arrived at the turn of the century on their way to Lake Victoria to find the place a little more than a swamp.
Nairobi, born in the spirit of adventure in the days of the early pioneers, less than 100 years ago, was then an insignificant jumble of tents and ox wagons beside the Uganda Railhead, which halted here 500 km inland from the coast to gather steam for the way ahead. By the late 1890s, Nairobi was established.
During the days of colonial rule, Nairobi was a major centre for hunters, travellers, and new arrivals to the colony. Replacing Mombasa as the capital city in 1907 and subsequently becoming the administration district of the British East Africa Protectorate, Nairobi received its City status by royal charter in 1950.